10. In the Last Supper Communion, which comes first: bread or wine?
10a. Mark 14:22-23 "While they were eating, Jesus took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to his disciples, saying, “Take it; this is my body.” Then he took a cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, and they all drank from it. “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many,” he said to them. “Truly I tell you, I will not drink again from the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.”" (Similarly Matthew 26:26-29.)
So the order is bread then wine. Saying "I will not drink again ... " is after the bread. Saying "... covenant ..." is during the supper.
10b. Luke 22:17-20 "After taking the cup, he gave thanks and said, “Take this and divide it among you. For I tell you I will not drink again from the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” And he took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body given for you; do this in remembrance of me.” In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you."
So the order is wine then bread then wine again. Saying "I will not drink again ... " is before the bread. Saying "... covenant ..." is after the supper.
11. In Jesus's prediction, how many times would a cock crow before Peter denies him 3 times?
11a. John 13:38 "Then Jesus answered, “Will you really lay down your life for me? Very truly I tell you, before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times!"" (Similarly Matthew 26:34 and Luke 22:34.)
This indicates before the rooster crows at all, i.e. before the 1st time that it crows.
John 18:17-27 ""You aren’t one of this man’s disciples too, are you?” she [servant girl] asked Peter. He replied, “I am not.” ... Meanwhile, Simon Peter was still standing there warming himself. So they [servants & officials] asked him, “You aren’t one of his disciples too, are you?” He denied it, saying, “I am not.” One of the high priest’s servants, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, challenged him, “Didn’t I see you with him in the garden?” Again Peter denied it, and at that moment a rooster began to crow."
This confirms that Peter denied Jesus 3 times before the cock crowed.
11b. Mark 14:30 *""Truly I tell you," Jesus answered, "today - yes, tonight - before the rooster crows twice you yourself will disown me three times.""
How many times did it crow?
Mark 14:67-72 "“You also were with that Nazarene, Jesus,” she [servant girl] said. But he denied it. “I don’t know or understand what you’re talking about,” he said, and went out into the entryway. When the servant girl saw him there, she said again to those standing around, “This fellow is one of them.” Again he denied it. After a little while, those standing near said to Peter, “Surely you are one of them, for you are a Galilean.” He began to call down curses, and he swore to them, “I don’t know this man you’re talking about.” Immediately the rooster crowed the second time. Then Peter remembered the word Jesus had spoken to him: “Before the rooster crows twicei you will disown me three times.” And he broke down and wept."
Some early manuscripts say the cock crowed just after the first denial, whereas others don't mention at all the cock crowing the 1st time. This suggests that the events were amended to suit what Jesus foretold.
Some early manuscripts omit mentioning that this was the second time that the cock crowed.
Spot the differences in who asks the questions in the accounts.
The 2nd time, Peter is asked by servants & officials (John 18:18-25) or the servant girl (Mark 14:69) or a man (Luke 22:58).